Orthopedics is basically the study and treatment of problems associated with the musculoskeletal system. Doctors who specialize in this field are called orthopeds or orthopedicians. They diagnose and treat problems related to bones, muscles, ligaments, joints, and nerves among other muscular and skeletal parts of the body.
The field of orthopedics has been very beneficial to patients suffering from various ailments, a good example of which is chronic arthritis. This is a disease that attacks joint cartilages resulting in stiffness and inflammation. Arthritis is characterized by chronic pain and limitation of motion in affected parts making it difficult for the patient to perform basic tasks such as the use of hands and walking. The field of orthopedics has fortunately devised ways of improving living conditions and alleviating pain for arthritis patients.
There have also been significant advances in treatment of injuries to the musculoskeletal system in orthopedics. Most of these injuries are caused by involving oneself in strenuous activities in sports and exercises or due to accidents at home, on the road, or at the workplace. Musculoskeletal injuries include spine conditions, tendonitis, rotator cuff injuries, and tendonitis. Orthopedics studies and treatment procedures address problems that result from such injuries.
Another significant area that has benefited from advances in orthopedics is joint replacement procedures. Such replacements are usually done to relieve pain and eliminate limited functioning of the affected joint. They are mostly done on the knee, hip, and elbow joints. The field of orthopedics also addresses problems associated with damaged and compressed nerves.
Patients who have undergone an emergency treatment of bone fractures, sprains, and joint dislocations can also greatly benefit from orthopedics in their recovery process. Orthopedic surgery helps in monitoring the healing process and how the body responds to treatment to avoid port-operative complications. Recent advances in the field of orthopedics include the use of minimally invasive procedures that treat the affected area with minimal tissue damage.