Minimal invasive surgery is a term used to describe surgery that is less invasive than open surgery. It usually speeds up the recovery process and causes less pain to the patient than traditional open surgery. There is also far less scarring because the incisions are smaller and so there is less nerve and tendon damage as a result of the surgical procedure.
Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical treatments of the musculoskeletal system for sports injuries, degenerative diseases, tumors and congenital disorders. Correction of spinal and bony deformities is the cornerstone of orthopedic practice and modern courses in orthopedics dedicate at least 6 months to the treatment of pediatric patients.
Treatment for a herniated disc can now be done with minimally invasive surgery which is usually highly successful. Patients make a faster recovery than with traditional open orthopedic surgery. There is far less blood loss during surgery, small incisions are used, which means smaller scars and hospital stays are far shorter because recovery time is shortened. The risks for this type of surgery are far less due to it being less invasive to the body. There have been major advances in this branch of medicine in recent years and it is now widely used and much preferred by both the medical profession and the public.
Some of the other uses for minimal invasive orthopedic surgery are in knee and elbow operations, shoulder surgery amongst others. Special surgical tools have been developed to use in surgery techniques which work inside the body from a small outer incision. Cameras are also used to see areas that cannot be seen from the slit opening. This fascinating science has moved ahead in recent years and is now practiced all over the United States and in other countries. It is not only used in orthopedics but in many other branches of medicine.