Two main handling procedures are used by orthopedic surgeons. Conditions involving musculoskeletal system are addressed using surgical and nonsurgical technique. Correcting of spinal and skeletal deformities is usually done in children since the bony components can still be molded or manipulated with ease. These include joints, tendons, ligaments and muscles.
Some unexpected problems affecting the bones are infections, tumors, deformities, fractures and need for amputation. Joint problems are slightly different. They include bursitis, joint swelling and pain, ligament tears, arthritis and dislocation. Problematic concerns on foot and ankle include hammer toe, heel spurs, sprains, bunions, fractures and tarsal tunnel syndrome. Hand and wrist issues include tendon or ligament damage, ganglion cyst, tendinitis, arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome. Shoulder based orthopedic issues include dislocation, rotator cuff tendinitis, torn labrum, adhesive capsulitis and loose or foreign bodies. Knee and elbow joints share similar conditions like elbow stiffness or contractures and ligament tears and sprains. The spine stands out as a significant part of the body. Musculoskeletal challenges it faces can paralyze the entire system since they are all connected.
Advances in technology have significantly influenced surgery in today’s business. Imaging technology can now let detection and treatment of orthopedic conditions. A doctor can prescribe a discography, a bone scan or an x-ray to help pinpoint the exact problem faced in the body. An additional identification test may be required with the order for a magnetic resonance imaging scan (MRI), computed tomography (CT) examination or arthrogram (joint x-ray). Situations that require direct injection of medication to specific joint areas makes use of Hyaluronic acid injection to help relieve pain in arthritis or corticosteroid injections into tendons and ligaments or around the spine.
Some surgical procedures applied in treating orthopedics conditions include fracture care, ligament reconstruction, amputation, spine surgery and fusion. Recent orthopedic developments include minimal invasive surgery, progressive external fixation and bone grafting to replace bone fusing protein.